Credit organizations are divided into banks and non-bank credit organizations. The latter can only perform individual banking transactions.
A commercial bank is an organization created primarily for the accumulation of funds and placing them on its own behalf on the terms of repayment, urgency and payment. Continue reading
In world practice there are the following banking systems:
1) two-level: 1st level – Central Bank, 2nd level – commercial banks;
2) a decentralized banking system of the United States – the US Federal Reserve;
3) centralized state banking system of command economies (USSR and other former and present socialist countries). Continue reading
Money currently exists in the form of cash and non-cash money.
Cash exists in the form of coins, banknotes (credit money, bank notes) and treasury notes.
Sometimes cash also includes checks and plastic cards. However, checks and plastic cards only represent non-cash money in bank accounts. By themselves, they cannot perform all the functions of money and therefore are not cash. Continue reading